How Is Down Syndrome Diagnosed?

The effects of Down syndrome vary from person to person. The symptoms of this difference are mild in some people and more severe in others.

People with Down syndrome have a similar facial appearance to other people with the same difference. The effects of the syndrome can lead to moderate mental retardation, slow learning and retarded physical development.

It is very important that people with Down syndrome receive appropriate education and family support at an early age. With the right education and family support, individuals with Down syndrome can participate in society, have a profession and live their lives independently.

On the other hand, children with Down syndrome have more difficulty in problem solving and decision making than other children. It is precisely at this point that early education has a positive impact on all areas of development of the diagnosed individual.

What are the Physical Characteristics of Individuals with Down Syndrome?

Similar physical characteristics of individuals with Down syndrome can be listed as follows:

  • Small hands and feet,
  • One line on the palm,
  • Small and low ears,
  • A short and wide nape,
  • Flat nose bridge and a flat face,
  • A large tongue that tends to hang out,
  • Large hands, chubby and short fingers,
  • Short stature in both childhood and adulthood,
  • Loose muscle tone (hypotonia) and joints,
  • Eyes slanted upwards, slanted and far apart,
  • White spots in the eye, also known as Brushfield spots.